Collath: posted by moderator

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John 39
Posts: 364
Joined: Mon May 22, 2017 5:30 pm

Collath: posted by moderator

Post by John 39 »

I would like to get some info on a Collath shotgun that belonged to my wife's grandfather
John 39
Posts: 364
Joined: Mon May 22, 2017 5:30 pm

Re: Collath: posted by moderator

Post by John 39 »

Hi Robert,

We don't record him but we've found him in a German reference book:

W Collath, Frankfurt an der Order, Preussen/D, ca 1880.

We don't speak German! No more info, probably worked for a larger firm then set up in his own possibly in retirement.
Kevin Robert Mansfield 164
Posts: 2
Joined: Tue Feb 13, 2018 11:22 am

Re: Collath: posted by moderator

Post by Kevin Robert Mansfield 164 »

From Shotgun World:

Wilhelm Collath (Söhne), Frankfurt an der Oder (Germany) was one of leading makers of rifles, sporting guns and proprietary cartridges (Tesco Geschoss).

IOW, single, SxS & O/U shotguns, along with rifles & their cartridges.

The company of Wilhelm Collath & Sons started in Frankfurt/Oder around 1900-1910, but the company's roots were at much earlier.
After the death of Wilhelm Collath the company was renamed "Tesco" (Teschner Collath), up to the end of the 1920s.

Wilhelm Collath was born in Belkow Kreits Crell Greifenberg, in Pommeren, 25 Feb. 1838, served his training in Kolberg, received his letter of education in 1858, and took his walking year/apprenticeship (gesselle) in Danzig.

In 1859 Collath joined work with Georg Teshner in Frankfurt, with 12 men in the workshop.

Wilhelm Collath became co-owner of the firm in 1870, the same year he joined the Frankfurt Gunmakers Guild.
His sons Paul and Franz joined the firm that same year.
W.Collath succeeded Georg Teschner in the 1890s
The sons took over the business when their father died 21 Jun 1906 - which they kept going until 1941, when Frankfurt got bombed during WWII. When Wilhelm died, the firm had over 100 employees.

Among other things, Wilhelm Collath was granted a patent on a short needle fire principle, and replacement needles so the same gun could be shot both with modern centerfire cartridges and needle cartridges.

Wilhem also invented the metallic enforcement of the bottom of paper cartridges, and a bullet base system known today as gaschecks.

Collath made a lot of rifles and designed a number of cartridges, many in general use for over half a century - one is still made by some of the big companies: 9,3 x72R.
The others are: 7,3 x72, 8 x 72R,10,75 x 68, 8,15 x 46R, 9,3 x 80, 9,3 x82R, and possibly some more
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